The migration crisis is one of the most pressing problems in the European Union. The number of immigrants has been increasing in recent years, and the issue of immigration has become a political issue in EU countries. Despite the increase in immigration in recent years, Poland still belongs to emigration countries, not immigration countries. This means that Poland is classified as a country not directly affected by the migration crisis, which has an impact on the attitude of the Polish government towards the crisis and how to solve it.
Among the motives for immigration to Poland, the economic factor and the prospect of stable employment and earnings still prevail, and family ties and cultural closeness facilitate the decision on immigration to Poland. According to information from the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Policy, about 1.5 million foreigners work in Poland, although this data may be underestimated due to the fact that some foreigners stay in Poland illegally and take up illegal work.