Bitcoin is a form of digital currency, created and stored electronically. Established in 2009, by its creator Mr. Satoshi Nakamoto. It was the first virtual payment method of this type in the world. Unlike traditional, physical currencies like euros or dollars, Bitcoin is not printed – it has no physical form. Instead, bitcoin is created by computer scientists around the world, using programs that solve mathematical problems.
Bitcoin becomes very popular exchange medium that we can pay for more and more products and services. Day by day we can hear that more institutions, stores and other companies are starting to accept bitcoin. It is also a currency that has no physical form and can be sent immediately to anywhere on earth. This has a lot of advantages compared to e.g. international bank transfers, where money has to go through several banks along the way, and thus be saved on several subsequent virtual account books.
Banks are another significant difference between cryptocurrencies and physical cash. The central bank’s mission is to stabilize its own currency. It can increase the money supply, which we call ‘reprinting’ to cover government debts, thereby devaluing the currency. However, in the case of digital currency, there is no such thing as Bitcoin Bank that would also be its regulator. This is due to the fact that Bitcoin is a bank in its own right. The independent accounting book contains information about the ownership status of all users and the history of transactions between them. To open an account with cryptocurrency, just download the special application and generate a login and password. Each user’s account is completely anonymous and has no formal requirements.
Here the meaning of the term “crypto” is revealed to us, because the above-mentioned information is just encrypted inside bitcoin. The way encryption is done is a revolution in the field of information technology – it is called “Blockchain”.