Women earn less and less often occupy managerial positions. Eurostat has examined the situation of women and men in the European Union. However, it turns out that Poland is quite good compared to the Community and we have something to be proud of.
One third of managers in the European Union are women – according to Eurostat data. In no Member State the percentage of women in senior positions has exceeded 50%. Despite this, the most female managers were in Central and Eastern Europe.
In the EU ranking Poland is – on a par with Slovenia – the honorable second place. In both countries, the share of female managers was 41%. Only Latvia is ahead of us in this respect (47%). A relatively good result is also achieved by: Lithuania, Hungary and Sweden, where women account for 39 percent.
The highest inequality in professional career was recorded in Luxembourg (18%), the Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Greece (25% each).
Also in terms of the difference in earnings we have something to brag about. Although, according to the report, on average in all EU countries women earn less than men – an average of 16.3 percent (according to average hourly rates) – over the Vistula this difference is more than 2 times lower.
Polish women earn about 7.7 percent less than men in the same positions. Although a better result in the EU was recorded in Luxembourg and Italy (5.5% each), Romania (5.8%), Belgium (6.5%), we are still in the lead.
As the authors of the report emphasize, the pay gap can be partly explained by the individual characteristics of employees, eg experience or education, as well as the division related to the specificity of various sectors of economy and profession (in some industries / occupations the difference between earnings of men and women is higher than in others) . An additional aspect is that in the EU, on average, nearly a third of women work part-time. In the Netherlands, this ratio reaches even 77 percent. But in Poland only 10 percent. women worked part-time (against 4% of men).
In general, the employment rate in the EU was higher for men – 72 percent. than for women – 61 percent. Interestingly, the authors of the report noticed a certain regularity. The more children in the family, the greater the difference between the employment rate of women and men.
In families of type 2 + 1, i.e. one child, 71% worked. women and 85% of men. In the 2 + 2 model, 70% and 89% respectively. But already in families with three or more children, the employment rate fell to 55%. for women, compared to 84 for men.